The Japanese International Cooperation Agency’s (JICA) development of the Jericho Agricultural Industrial Park (JAIP) in the Jordan Valley is a key part of Japan’s policy of proactive contributions to Middle East peace. A mixture of both economic and diplomatic efforts, the Park is one way for Japan to balance its relationships and further its long-term strategic footprint in the region.
<p>What began as a regular rally for jobs near a Basran oil field has become a full-fledged protest movement, with Iraqis across the province demanding electricity, water, and employment. As the protests wind down, what legacy will they leave?</p>
For the first time in many years, the opposition had high hopes in Turkey's critical presidential and parliamentary elections on Sunday. They were crushed, as current president Recep Tayyip Erdogan captured 52 percent of the popular vote. Despite the role identity politics played in voter behavior, Erdogan’s victory is not the victory of Islamism.
Russia and Iran have been cooperating in part because the U.S. has sanctioned both countries, making it important that they work together. The two have set aside their geopolitical rivalry in the region to achieve this, but it is unclear whether it will last.
Jordan seems to have weathered an immediate crisis following a week of mass protests, maintaining its impressive history of survival in an otherwise hostile and unstable region. Yet numerous challenges lie ahead.
China is currently deploying a policy of industrial transfer in the Middle East. This is an external trade and industry policy, a transplanting of domestic economic institutions in external geographies. The financing of this China geo-industrial policy will reshape the Central Asia-Middle East-Africa trade and production nexus in the coming decade.