Africa has become a new competing arena between Saudi Arabia and Iran. Both states have turned their focus to the continent, developing ties with a number of African states on both economic and security levels. As international focus remains centered on the Persian Gulf and the Levant, Africa’s importance in the regional rivalry is often overlooked. By focusing on key strategic issues found throughout the continent, including the formation of alliances in East and North Africa, as well as the role of ideological proxies in West Africa, this paper offers a holistic analysis of the role Africa plays in the rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran. The implications of these issues are also examined to emphasize their effects on Saudi-Iranian relations, as well as stability in Africa.